Caerphilly study dementia medications

Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic ...

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12/9/2013 · Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic Diseases and Dementia: Evidence from the Caerphilly Cohort Study. ... The Caerphilly Prospective Study was conducted by the former MRC Epidemiology Unit (South Wales). The Caerphilly archive is now maintained by the School of Social and Community Medicine in Bristol University.

Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic ...

(PDF) Benzodiazepine use and risk of dementia: evidence ...

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In this study, we examined the association between benzodiazepine use and the occurrence of Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia. The study was based on longitudinal data from a case-control ...

(PDF) Benzodiazepine use and risk of dementia: evidence ...

Caerphilly Heart Disease Study - Revolvy

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The Caerphilly Heart Disease Study , also known as the Caerphilly Prospective Study (CaPS), is an epidemiological prospective cohort , set up in 1979 in a representative population sample drawn from Caerphilly , a typical small town in South Wales , UK. The initial aim was to examine relationships between a wide range of social, lifestyle, dietary and other factors with incident vascular disease .

Caerphilly Heart Disease Study - Revolvy

PTSD, Psychotropic Medication Use, and the Risk of ...

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Dementia is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder that affects approximately 45.7 million people worldwide 1 and is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, disability, and institutionalization among individuals aged 65 years and older. 2-5 Emerging research indicates that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) might be a major risk factor for the development of dementia among older adults.

PTSD, Psychotropic Medication Use, and the Risk of ...

Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic ...

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Background Healthy lifestyles based on non-smoking, an acceptable BMI, a high fruit and vegetable intake, regular physical activity, and low/moderate alcohol intake, are associated with reductions in the incidence of certain chronic diseases, but to date there is limited evidence on cognitive function and dementia. Methods In 1979 healthy behaviours were recorded on 2,235 men aged 45–59 ...

Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic ...

Benzodiazepine use and risk of Alzheimer’s disease: case ...

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9/9/2014 · Objectives To investigate the relation between the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and exposure to benzodiazepines started at least five years before, considering both the dose-response relation and prodromes (anxiety, depression, insomnia) possibly linked with treatment. Design Case-control study. Setting The Quebec health insurance program database (RAMQ).

Benzodiazepine use and risk of Alzheimer’s disease: case ...

Benzodiazepine, psychotropic medication, and dementia: A ...

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We, therefore, investigated the association between benzodiazepine medication use and the risk of dementia in the Three-City study, a large, population-based cohort study, with a focus on drugs with short versus long half-lives. It also examined the effects of other psychotropic medications on dementia. 2. …

Benzodiazepine, psychotropic medication, and dementia: A ...

Benzodiazepine use and cognitive decline in the elderly ...

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1/1/2018 · In the Caerphilly Prospective Study (CaPS), men who had taken benzodiazepines regularly at 1 or more times in their lifetime had a significantly increased frequency of dementia, with the strongest correlation seen in patients with earlier initial exposure. 21 In contrast, a prospective study assessing benzodiazepine use and cognitive decline in ...

Benzodiazepine use and cognitive decline in the elderly ...

Benzodiazepine use and risk of incident dementia or ...

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2/2/2016 · Objective To determine whether higher cumulative use of benzodiazepines is associated with a higher risk of dementia or more rapid cognitive decline. Design Prospective population based cohort. Setting Integrated healthcare delivery system, Seattle, Washington. Participants 3434 participants aged ≥65 without dementia at study entry.

Benzodiazepine use and risk of incident dementia or ...

Association between Benzodiazepine Use and Dementia: A ...

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5/27/2015 · 2. Study selection. Nested case-control or prospective cohort studies that provided a clear definition of status of benzodiazepine use (ever use, recent use, or past use) and adjusted risk estimates on the association between benzodiazepine use and risk of dementia met our inclusion criteria.

Association between Benzodiazepine Use and Dementia: A ...

(PDF) Anxiety in Dementia - ResearchGate

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Results At 15 weeks, there was an adjusted difference in anxiety (using the Rating Anxiety in Dementia scale) of (-3.10, 95% CI -6.55 to 0.34) for CBT compared with TAU, which just fell short of ...

(PDF) Anxiety in Dementia - ResearchGate

Metabolic Syndrome, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and ...

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Dementia, including Alzheimer disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD), among others, is identified by World Health Organization as a public health priority as it is the major cause of disability and dependency among older people worldwide. 14 Dementia is a syndrome—usually chronic or progressive—characterized by a deterioration of ...

Metabolic Syndrome, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and ...

Caerphilly Heart Disease Study - Howling Pixel

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Caerphilly Heart Disease Study. The Caerphilly Heart Disease Study, also known as the Caerphilly Prospective Study (CaPS), is an epidemiological prospective cohort, set up in 1979 in a representative population sample drawn from Caerphilly, a typical small town in South Wales, UK.

Caerphilly Heart Disease Study - Howling Pixel

Diabetes mellitus and risk of dementia: A meta‐analysis of ...

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Introduction. The Dementia UK report predicts that 34 million people worldwide will have dementia by 2050, and 71% of these people will live in developing countries 1.Currently, nearly 18 million people have dementia worldwide 1.The diagnosis of dementia and especially Alzheimer's disease (AD) is usually retrospective, based on clinical phenomenology and exclusion of other medical problems 2.

Diabetes mellitus and risk of dementia: A meta‐analysis of ...

Cognitive tests to help diagnose dementia in symptomatic ...

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3/1/2018 · What brief cognitive test should a busy GP use when trying to assess someone who might have dementia? The menu of choices is long; one review found 11 options.1 The Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group (CDCIG) is conducting a series of reviews to evaluate the evidence of a range of tests for diagnosing dementia. To date, reviews have been published addressing the …

Cognitive tests to help diagnose dementia in symptomatic ...

Three simple questions have high utility for diagnosing ...

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8/1/2016 · ABSTRACT FROM: Creavin S, Fish M, Gallacher J, et al . Clinical history for diagnosis of dementia in men: Caerphilly Prospective Study. Br J Gen Pract 2015;65:e489–99. Dementia prevalence is anticipated to increase with ageing of the population since age is a risk factor for dementia. The diagnosis of dementia in primary care settings has been encouraged in the UK by national directives1 …

Three simple questions have high utility for diagnosing ...

JCSM - Hypnotics and the Risks of Dementia

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Since at least 2002, a number of studies—nested case-control studies, 2 –4 prospective studies, 5,6 a retrospective cohort study, 7 and a case control study 8 —have shown increases in the incidence of dementia with long-term use of benzodiazepines. The average overall increase is 51% with benzodiazepine use over 3 months, and the increase ...

JCSM - Hypnotics and the Risks of Dementia

Full text of "Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of ...

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Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic ...

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Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic Diseases and Dementia: Evidence from the Caerphilly Cohort Study. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081877. Peter Elwood, Julieta Galante, Janet Pickering, Stephen Palmer, Antony Bayer, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Marcus Longley, John Gallacher.

Healthy Lifestyles Reduce the Incidence of Chronic ...

Alcohol Use and the Risk of Developing Alzheimer's Disease

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Some of the detrimental effects of heavy alcohol use on brain function are similar to those observed with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although alcohol use may be a risk factor for AD, it is difficult to study this relationship because of similarities between alcoholic dementia and AD and because standard diagnostic criteria for alcoholic dementia have not yet been developed.

Alcohol Use and the Risk of Developing Alzheimer's Disease

35 year study finds exercise reduces risk of dementia

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12/9/2013 · The study identifies five healthy behaviours as being integral to having the best chance of leading a disease-free lifestyle: taking regular exercise, non-smoking, a low bodyweight, a healthy diet ...

35 year study finds exercise reduces risk of dementia

Factors in Middle Age Might Predict Later Dementia

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8/3/2009 · Factors in Middle Age Might Predict Later Dementia. ... substance use, or use of certain medications. Still other mechanisms might link anxiety and subsequent dementia. Similarly, the association of cohabitation with reduced risk might reflect the positive effects of social interaction on cognition, or other antecedent factors might increase ...

Factors in Middle Age Might Predict Later Dementia

An Increased Risk of Reversible Dementia May Occur After ...

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A retrospective population-based nested case–control study. Newly diagnosed dementia patients 65 years and older and controls were sampled. A total of 8406 dementia and 16,812 control subjects were enrolled from Taiwan NHIRD during 2006 to 2010. The relationships between zolpidem use and dementia were measured using odds and adjusted odds ratios.

An Increased Risk of Reversible Dementia May Occur After ...

Diseases – Essentials of Medicine

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Billioti de Gage S, Begaud B, Bazin F, Verdoux H, Dartigues J-F, Peres K, et al. Benzodiazepine use and risk of dementia: prospective population based study. BMJ2012;345:e6231. Gallacher J, Elwood P, Pickering J, Bayer A, Fish M, Ben-Shlomo Y. Benzodiazepine use and risk of dementia: evidence from the Caerphilly Prospective Study (CaPS).

Diseases – Essentials of Medicine
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